• aurangabad
  • Aurangabad - Description of the City
  • Getting to Aurangabad

Aurangabad -- A large industrial city in the Western Indian State of Maharashtra, serves as the Gateway to the World Heritage sites of Ajanta and Ellora. Also, the city in itself has a very rich heritage, since for a part of Aurangzeb's rule, Aurangabad had become the seat of the Mughal dynasty. The Mughal dynasty contributed to such architectural wonders as the Bibi-ka-Makbara, and the Daulatabad Fort.
The most popular attractions around Aurangabad are the Ajanta Caves - about 107 kms away, the rock cut caves of Ajanta nestle in a panoramic gorge, in the form of a gigantic horseshoe. Among the finest examples of some of the earliest Buddhist architecture, cave paintings and sculptures, these caves comprise Chaitya Halls, or shrines dedicated to Lord Buddha and Viharas or monasteries used by Buddhist monks for meditation and the study of Buddhist teachings. The paintings that adorn the walls and ceilings of the caves depict incidents from the life of Buddha and various Buddhist divinities. Ajanta has been designated as a World Heritage Site, to be preserved as an artistic legacy that will come to inspire and enrich the lives of generations to come.
The next most popular attraction around Aurangabad are the Ellora Caves - the cave temples and monasteries at Ellora, excavated out of the vertical face of an escarpment are 26 kms north of Aurangabad. Extending in a linear arrangement, the 34 caves contain Buddhist Chaityas, or halls of worship, and Viharas, or monasteries, Hindu and Jain temples. Spanning a period of about 600 years between the 5th and the 11th century A.D., the earliest excavation here is of the Dhumar Lena (cave 29). The most imposing excavation is, without doubt that of the magnificent Kailasa Temple (cave 16), which is the single largest monolithic structure in the World. Ellora too has been designated a World Heritage Site.

  • By Air -- Aurangabad is connected to Mumbai by regular flights of both Indian Airlines and Jet Airways.
  • By Rail -- Express trains connect Aurangabad with Mumbai.

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