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Tourist Places in North India
Tourist Places in North India
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Shimla - Situated at an altitude of approx. 6500 ft above sea level, is the capital of the North Indian State of Himachal Pradesh. Shimla was the former official summer capital of the Government of India right up until 1947, when India gained Independence.
Shimla was originally a small hill village named after the goddess Shamla Devi, a manifestation of Kali. Discovered by the British in 1819, it became a popular refuge from the heat of the plains of North India. By 1830, it has become established as a favourite hill-station. In 1903, a railway line was laid, connecting it to the plains, and thus making it easily accessible. Shimla's salubrious climate helps make it a year-round destination. Tourist Places in North India
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Getting to Shimla
» By Air -- There is a small airport, 23 kms away from Shimla, that is served by seasonal flights from Delhi and Chandigarh, though most people tend to prefer Delhi as the flight gateway to Shimla.
» By Rail -- There is a toy train that connects Kalka (the nearest mainline railway station, 100 kms away) to Shimla. Kalka, is connected by superfast trains to Delhi.
» By Road -- Shimla is 375 kms from Delhi and 120 kms from Chandigarh.
Jaipur - Jaipur, the capital of the North Indian State of Rajasthan, is named after its founder Maharaja Jai Singh II (1693-1743). The city is surrounded by hills and dotted with forts. Houses with pink latticed windows line the streets, and look almost magical at sunset. An extremely well planned city, Jaipur was designed by an engineer and scholar Vidyadhar Bhattacharya, in accordance with ancient Hindu treatise on architecture, the Shilpa Shasta (Vastu).

It was planned in a grid system with wide straight avenues, roads, streets and lanes and uniform rows of shops on either side of the main roads. Jaipur remains the only place where the nine sectors that sub-divide the city symbolise the nine divisions of the universe. Jaipur is surrounded by a wall having seven gates and was built for protection from invading armies and wild animals that lurked just outside in the jungles that surrounded the city.
Tourist Places in North India The Old City, also known as the Pink City, is a wonderful place to wander around. The whole city was painted pink by Maharaja Man Singh II when Prince of Wales, later Edward VII, visited Jaipur in 1876. Today, every home within the city is obliged by law to maintain this facade - hence Jaipur's is also called the Pink City.
The arts and crafts of the state are amazing. You'll find elaborately fashioned jewellery, the multi-coloured 'bandhini' fabrics, richly decorated handlooms, and other trinkets at the colourful bazaars of Jaipur. These bazaars are a lot of fun not just for what's available, but also for the cheerful people in their traditional costumes.

Important places to visit in Jaipur include the Amber Fort, the City Palace and Museum, Jantar Mantar, Hawa Mahal and the Albert Hall Museum.
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Getting to Jaipur
» By Air -- Jaipur is well connected by air to Delhi, Mumbai, Calcutta and to the other tourist destinations of Rajasthan i.e. Jodhpur and Udaipur.
» By Rail -- Jaipur is connected by superfast trains to Delhi and Mumbai and to the other tourist destinations of Rajasthan i.e. Jodhpur and Udaipur.
» By Road -- Jaipur is well connected by road to Delhi (250 kms), Agra (250 kms), Jodhpur (330 kms), Udaipur (400 kms), Bikaner (330 kms), Pushkar (145 kms) and serves as the gateway for tourists travelling through Rajasthan.
Jaisalmer - The name Jaisalmer evokes a vivid picture of sheer magic and brilliance of the desert. Local colour and warmth prevail over the inhospitable and forbidding terrain, imbuing the medieval town with a special magic.
One of the main attractions is the imposing 12th century Jaisalmer fort. The beautiful havelis which were built by wealthy merchants of Jaisalmer are yet another interesting aspect of the desert city. And, of course, the romantic sand dunes, the best way of exploring them and the desert around being by way of a camel safari. Tourist Places in North India
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Getting to Jaisalmer
» By Air -- Jaisalmer is currently not connected by air. The Jodhpur airport (290 kms) is the nearest and most convenient gateway for Jaisalmer.
» By Rail -- Jaisalmer is connected to Jodhpur by day as well as overnight trains. There is also an overnight service from Jaipur, suitable for budget travellers only.
» By Road -- It is well connected by good roads to Jodhpur (290 kms) and Bikaner (330 kms).
Jodhpur - Jodhpur, the second largest city of the state of Rajasthan, is often called the blue city and is an oasis in the arid Thar Desert. Representing this colourful city with shades of blue, Jodhpur has a history that is rich and a present that beckons strongly to the discerning tourist. Forts and palaces, temples and havelis, culture and tradition, spices and fabrics, colour and texture, Jodhpur has them all and in plenty.
Tourist Places in North India Places worth visiting in Jodhpur include the Meharangarh Fort, that stands guard over the city from an isolated hill, the Jaswant Thada, an imposing white marble cenotaph, built in memory of the Maharaja, and the Umaid Bhawan Place, which is a splendid example of Indo colonial architecutre. The Umaid Bhawan Palace, other than still being the home of the royal family of Jodhpur, is also a deluxe hotel, and a part of it is a museum. Jodhpur is also a popular shopping destination, with antique furniture being a popular buy amongst tourists.
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Getting to Jodhpur
» By Air -- Jodhpur is connected to Delhi, Mumbai, Udaipur and Jaipur by regular flights. 
» By Rail -- Jodhpur is connected by an excellent overnight train service from New Delhi. There are also regular Intercity trains connecting Jodhpur with Jaipur and Jaisalmer.
» By Road -- Jodhpur is well connected by road to Jaipur (330 kms), Jaisalmer (290 kms), Udaipur (275 kms), Khimsar (90 kms) and serves as the gateway for many tourists destinations in Rajasthan.
Udaipur also known as the City of Lakes, is the second most frequently visited tourist sight, in the North Indian State of Rajasthan. The marble palaces, beautifully laid out gardens and the lakes make Udaipur seem almost like a mirage. The City of Dawn, surrounded by the ancient Aravali Mountains and set on the edge of three lakes, is a brilliant kaleidoscope of narrow lanes flanked by bright stalls, gardens, lakes, palaces and temples.
Udaipur is the capital of the erstwhile kingdom of Mewar. The kingdom of Mewar, with which many legends of bravery are associated, was considered the most respectable of all Rajput princely states in Rajasthan. The Rulers of Mewar are still remembered for their bravery & courage they showed for protecting their motherland from external invaders. Udaipur's beauty and its remarkable past blossoms in the heart of the visitors for a long time.
The places worth visiting in the city of Udaipur include City Palace, Jagdish Temple, Saheliyon ki Bari and a boat ride on Lake Pichola.
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Getting to Udaipur
» By Air -- Udaipur is connected by regular flights to Delhi, Jaipur, Jodhpur and Mumbai
» By Rail -- Udaipur is connected by superfast trains to Delhi and Jaipur.
» By Road -- Udaipur is connected to Jaipur (400 kms), Pushkar (150 kms), Jodhpur (275 kms) and Ahmedabad (250 kms)
Varanasi -- Varanasi, considered as the holiest of Hindu cities, and an important seat of learning in India, is in the North Indian State of Uttar Pradesh. Picturesquely situated on the crescent shaped left bank of the holy river Ganges, Varanasi is said to be a compound of the names of two streams, the Varuna and the Assi, which still flow in the north and south of the city respectively.
Tourist Places in North India This name seems to have been corrupted, in medieval times to Banaras, which was in use till May 24, 1956 when it was changed to Varanasi, by an order of the Government of India. Varanasi is probably one of the most ancient living cities in India. >From time immemorial it has been a great religious center for Hindus and one of their most sacred places of pilgrimage, being visited by millions of people every year.
The places worth visiting in the city of Varanasi are the several ghats that dot the riverside, and the hundreds of temples.
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Getting to Varanasi
» By Air-- Varanasi is connected by regular flights to Delhi, Khajuraho, Mumbai and Kathmandu
» By Rail -- Varanasi is connected by superfast trains to Delhi.
Delhi - India's capital and major gateway to the country, contemporary Delhi is bustling metropolis, which successfully combines in its fold the ancient and the modern. Its Strategic location was one of the prime reasons why successive dynasties chose it as their seat of power. It is not surprising then that what constitutes Delhi today is a conglomerate of seven cities. Down the ages the region in and around modern Delhi saw Lalkot built in the mid-11th century, Siri established by Allauddin Khilji, Tughlakabad, and Ferozabad built by the Tughlaks followed by the city of the Lodis and then came Shahjahanabad, capital of the Mughals under Shah Jahan.

New Delhi reflects the legacy the British left behind, distinction between the capitals of the British and the Mughals respectively. But wherever the visitor goes he will invariably confront the city's past.
The throbbing present of Delhi pulls one out of reflections on a mute past. The divisions in the walled city and New Delhi also mark the varied lifestyles. The walled city is all traditions ,where as New Delhi in contrast, is a city living upto contemporary international standards. Delhi also serves as the major gateway for touring the internationally known toursim destinations of Agra and Jaipur. Tourist Places in North India
Some important places worth visiting in Delhi include the Humayun's Tomb, the Jantar Mantar, the Bahai temple, the Qutab Minar, Jama Masjid, Red Fort, Raj Ghat, India Gate. Delhi is also a great shopping destination -- be it the road side stalls of Connaught Place, or the International style swanky shopping malls in the suburbs, shopping is a major attraction for visitors to Delhi. Modern Delhi, now boasts of some world class restaurants, bars and nightclubs.
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Getting to Delhi
» By Air -- Delhi is India's second busiest International airport. Almost all major International airlines operate direct flights to and fro Delhi. In addition, a number of major domestic airlines also use Delhi airport as their hub, connecting it with virtually the length and breadth of India.
» By Rail -- Delhi is connected by super fast trains to almost all major cities of India.
» By Road -- Delhi serves as the Gateway to all other tourist destinations in North India, including Agra (220 kms), Jaipur (250 kms), Chandigarh (265 kms) etc.
Agra - Located 220 kms from Delhi, Agra is a must visit city on any Tour of India. Home of the World famous Taj Mahal, Agra provides avid glimpses of Mughal architecture. To be in Agra is like taking a walk through India's Mughal period history.
Tourist Places in North India Other than the Taj Mahal, Agra's attractions include the Fort, built by Emperor Akbar on the banks of the River Yamuna, Sik andra, the mausoleum of Emperor Akbar, the Itmad-ud-Daulah, a mausoleum built for Empress Noor Jahan's father and last but not the least and a short distance away, Fatehpur Sikri, with its very impressive architecture and interesting stories of it having been built and then abandoned. After Delhi, Agra is the most visited tourist city in North India.
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Getting to Agra
» By Rail -- Agra has excellent train services from New Delhi. The Shatabdi Express, Taj Express and Inter-city Express trains from Delhi take between 2 and 3 hours to reach Agra.
» By Road -- Agra is well connected to Delhi (220 kms/04 hrs. away)
Pushkar - Pushkar is a small, mellow town in the North Indian state of Rajasthan . It is a destination of great religious importance for the Hindus said that Lord Brahma's lotus flower fell in three separate places in the Pushkar area, and water came from the ground at each place. They are located within a radius of six miles. Senior Pushkar, where the hotels are located, is considered the most holy place, because the lotus fell here first. Middle Pushkar is 3 km down the road and has a small Hanuman temple and a 200-year-old banyan tree.
New (Junior) Pushkar, 3 km further north, has a small Krishna temple. As Brahma threw the pushpa (flower) with his kar (hand), so the place received the name Pushkar. It is a city with over 400 temples and no vehicle traffic on the main street. It is famous for the Camel Fair, which takes place here in Oct/Nov , for which thousands of tourists from across the globe flock to Pushkar. Tourist Places in North India
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Getting to Pushkar
» By Air -- Jaipur, the nearest airport is 140 kms away.
» By Rail -- Ajmer, the nearest Rail station is only 12 kms away.
» By Road -- Pushkar is 145 kms from Jaipur, 250 kms from Udaipur and is connected by National highways to almost every important city of Rajasthan.
Amritsar - Amritsar, literally Pool of Nectar, derives its name from Amrit Sarovar, the holy tank that surrounds the fabulous Golden Temple. First time visitors to Amritsar could be forgiven for the impression that Amritsar is like any other small town in northern India. In one sense, it is - with bustling markets, haphazard traffic, unyielding cattle, crowds and congestion typical of small town India. But Amritsar stands head and shoulders above any other city, its status elevated and sanctified by the presence of the venerable Golden Temple.
Tourist Places in North India Located in the heart of Amritsar, the temple complex is surrounded by a maze of narrow lanes, or katras, that house one of the busiest markets in India. But the Golden Temple is a serene presence, radiating a calm that makes people bow their heads in reverence. The gurudwara, as Sikh temples are called, is the holiest of Sikh shrines. It is not just Sikhs who travel to the Golden Temple to pay homage, the sacred shrine is equally revered by Hindus and people of other faiths who, too, make the pilgrimage to offers prayers at Harmandir Sahib.
There's more to Amritsar than that - amongst other sights is Jallianwala Bagh, site of the gruesome massacre of unarmed Indians by British troops. A major tourist attraction these days is the Indo-Pakistan border crossing at Wagah, just a short distance from Amritsar, with its elaborate change-of-guards drill with a lot of strutting and intimidatory showing off by both sides.
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Getting to Delhi
» By Air -- Amritsar, now an international airport of growing importance , is served by Air India, Singapore Airlines and a couple of other airlines . On the Domestic network , Amritsar is connected to Delhi.
» By Rail -- Amritsar is connected by Superfast train services to Delhi.
Bikaner - Situated in the north of the desert state of Rajasthan,Bikaner is dotted with scores of sand dunes. Bikaner retains the medieval grandeur that permeates the city's lifestyle. More readily called the camel country, the city is distinguished for the best riding camels in the world and hence boasts of having one of the largest Camel research and breeading farm in the world.
The history of Bikaner dates back to 1488 when a Rathore prince, Rao Bikaji founded his kingdom. Modern Bikaner is the result of the foresight of its most eminent ruler Maharaja Ganga Singh (1887 1943) whose reformative zeal set the pace for Bikaner transformation from a principality to a premier princely state. Tourist Places in North India
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Getting to Bikaner
» By Air -- The nearest airport is Jodhpur, 250 kms away.
» By Rail -- Bikaner has convienent railway connections to several destinations including Jaipur, Jodhpur and Delhi.
» By Road -- Bikaner is connected to Jodhpur(250 kms) , Jaisalmer (300 kms) and Mandawa (200 kms).
Dharamshala - Dharamshala, situated at an altitude of approx 1500 meters above sea level in the hill state of Himachal Pradesh, stands at the foot of Dhauladhar ranges and has a magnificent view of snowy peaks, deodar and pine forests, tea gardens and beautiful hills. The snow line is perhaps more easily accessible at Dharamshala than any other hill station in India.
Tourist Places in North India Dharamshala now really has become international, with a number of Tibetan settlements and the residence of Noble Laureate the 'Dalai Lama'. Dharamshala is devided into two distinct parts : lower Dharamshala, the civil and business area with Courts and Kotwali bazar and upper Dharamshala composed of places like Mcleod Ganj and Forsyth Ganj. Mcleodganj , in upper Dharamshala is the abode of His Holiness the Dalai Lama , and also the Center for Tibetan Studies is located there.
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Getting to Gangtok
» By Rail -- Pathankot and Chakki Bank are the nearest main line railheads, located about 100 kms from Dharamshala.
Kathmandu-- Kathmandu is the capital of the kingdom, situated in a valley which is an open air museum of famous sites, ancient temples and shrines, golden pagodas and are inspiring deities, is a city of inexhaustible historic artistic and cultural interest. Several beautiful and interesting villages and towns surrounding the valley offer ideal destinations for mini treks. The dazzling Himalayan peaks are visible from several points on the mountains around the valley.

The capital is quite upto date in terms of comfort and convenience boasting luxury hotels, bars, restaurants, shops and casinos. Transportation is convenient and inexpensive. Shoppers may purchase unusual gifts and souvenirs from an interesting assortment of items such as handicrafts, carpets, wooden art works, bronze casting and metal work, thankas, Nepali paper prints and readymade garments.

"There are nearly as many temples as there are houses and as many idols as inhabitants here, not being a fountain or river or a hill within its limits that is not consecrated to one or the other of the Hindu or Buddhist deities " - wrote a foreigner a long time ago.
Important places to visit in Kathmandu include the Darbar Square, the Pashupathinath temple, the Swoyambhu Nath Stupa and the Boudha Nath Stupa. In addition most tourists to Kathmandu rave about the Himalyan Mountain flight , which is now one of Nepal's big attractions . Tourist Places in North India
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Getting to Kathmandu
» By Rail -- Kathmandu is connected to the Indian cities of Delhi, Mumbai, Calcutta and Varanasi. In terms of other International flights , the Kathmandu airport is served by Singapore airlines, Thai Airways, Gulf air and Austrian Airlines.
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